If the edges of objects are too sharp against the background in your After Effects projects, your composite won’t look realistic. The solution is to blur them slightly, behind and in front of the object. By duplicating your object, blurring it and expanding it slightly, you create the impression that the edge is less sharp. To enhance this even further you can introduce some slight blurring in front of the object. Rough masking is all that’s required to avoid making the whole image blurry.
For quick composites that need a dash of rapid realism, this is the best way to achieve the effect without using custom filters. Over the following steps, I’ll show you how.
01 Edge blurring should always be performed as a final touch, after work like colour correction has occurred, so that the extra layers you create all contain the same look. Here, I’ve masked the tower image to blend with the line of the hillside, and will duplicate the mask.
02 Select the towers layer and go to Edit>Duplicate. Drag this layer below the towers layer, rename it ‘BackgroundBlur’, and go to Effect>Blur & Sharpen>Gaussian Blur. Make the towers layer invisible and adjust the blurriness to about 5. Make all the layers visible.
03 Change the scale of the BackgroundBlur layer to 101%. You should see the blurred image seeping out behind the main image. In some cases, a greater scale setting will be required. You can also increase the level of Gaussian Blur. The blurred edge should be just visible, without being obviously noticeable.
04 Duplicate the towers layer again, place this copy above it in the timeline and rename it ‘ForegroundBlur’. Use the Pen tool to click a mask around the inside of the image. This can be quite a rough mask, leaving just enough image to be blurred. Don’t waste time by being too accurate.
05 Apply a slight Gaussian Blur to the ForegroundBlur layer. To complete the effect, you might need to slightly reduce the opacity of this layer. If the background is bright, you can increase the brightness of the BackgroundBlur layer to create the impression of light wrapping around the object.