How to create a digital oil painting using ArtRage

Painting digitally using a drawing tablet and drawing software ArtRage is easier than it looks, and strangely addictive. Using on a graphics tablet or mobile device means that you are not tied to just the office or studio – you can paint anywhere.

In this tutorial, we'll show you how to create a believable digital portrait using only the pixels on the screen. The Surface Pro 3, with its touchscreen and ergonomic stylus is ideal for this workshop, but any touchscreen device would be able to produce similar results – see our pick of the best graphics tablets for a start.

We’ll take you through each step of the process, from creating a new file and loading up a reference image, to sketching out ideas and thumbnails, making initial pencil drawings right through to blocking in and adding thick textured paint. We'll also show you how to add some final digital flourishes before explaining how to save your finished digital artwork, ready for printing.

Find a work setting and get comfortable

Painting digitally is pretty much the same as painting with real oils and acrylics, so hopefully the process won’t feel too alien if you come from a fine art background. The tutorial helps to show how the screen really does become a canvas before you.

The portrait we're walking you through here is of a young man in a modern setting. We'll keep the paint loose and choppy to create movement and interest while maintaining a vibrant feel, all the while adhering to real-world painting techniques.

Follow the steps below to learn how to create your own portrait in ArtRage, and watch the video at the end to help you along further.

01.  Pick a subject

The portrait here is of a young man in a modern setting

It can sometimes be a bit of a struggle to source a model, or royalty-free images that you are allowed to draw from. No need to worry, as with a bit of searching you can find a plethora of websites that have stock images ready for you to use. Pixabay or Flickr Commons have a vast array of great reference images, for example.

02.  Create a new file for your painting

Ensure your saving settings are correct to create a high res painting [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

Open ArtRage and click on File in the top-left corner. In the drop-down box, select New Painting and then in the Print Size tab, set the dimensions for the painting (in this case, 222 x 300mm, but these could be any size). Make sure to change the default 72 pixels/inch setting to 300 for a high-resolution painting.

03.  Import the reference photo into ArtRage

Import your chosen reference material so you can easily refer back throughout your painting session [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

To import your chosen reference image, simply select Refs on the right-hand side of the screen and in the new box that opens, either click the file image or the Post It note with a pin in it. A new window will open that enables you to search your computer for your chosen picture. Double-click the image for it to open, ready to copy.

04.  Make thumbnail sketches

I like to start a painting at the dining room table and finish it reclining with my feet up on the sofa [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

Doodling thumbnail sketches often helps you to understand the space better and to choose where to place the drawing on the canvas. Draw a very rough rectangle to mimic the canvas dimensions and sketch the head roughly. This does not have to be a masterpiece, but it will get you warmed up and ready to begin.

05.  Make an initial pencil sketch

Play with different tools before you start working [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

Select the default Pencil tool from the tool selection panel on the left of the screen. Start by drawing in guidelines for where the top and sides of the figure’s head will be, along with the neckline and shoulders. Begin drawing in the eye and work outwards, roughly at first then adding more detail as you go.

06.  Add layers

Experiment to learn new techniques [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

If we were using real paint, we would paint directly over the sketch on the canvas. However, in digital art you can keep these lines on a separate layer in case they need tweaking at a later stage. Select the Layers box on the right-hand side of the screen and click the plus button. A new layer is now created and selected for you to paint on, without losing your pencil sketch.

07.  Block in the basic colour

Start blocking just like you would if you were creating a traditional oil painting on paper [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

Select the Oil Brush tool, but don’t add too much paint just yet. This is to stop the painting becoming muddy and hard to manage. Once selected, click the Settings box and pull the slider labelled Loading right down to between 4% and 9%. This now gives you a dry brush with which to paint in the tones, highlights and shaded areas.

08. Apply thicker paint

Building upon your initial painting is what really brings it to life [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

Select a new layer and in the Settings box of the Oil Paint brush, slide the Loading setting up to between 16% and 30%. Now the paint flows far more freely and you can begin to load it onto the canvas heavily with chunky strokes. The paint now mixes believably on the surface and enables you to form the shapes, shading and contours better, while bringing the painting to life.

09. Paint the background

Add an abstract background for a modern look full of movement [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

Create a new layer as we did before and drag it right down to the bottom of the other layers. Any thick paint or texture you put on this layer will add depth and chunkiness to the brushstrokes above. For the background, decrease the Loading on the brush to 3 and click in the Brush Size box and select 300. You can now fill in an abstract background easily.

10. Save and export the painting

Never slack on saving – the last thing you want is to lose all your hard work! [Click the arrows icon to enlarge this screenshot]

Make sure you save your artwork throughout the painting process, just in case the app crashes or you spill tea on your tablet. Simply click the File button and select Save Painting As and name the file. Once named, only click the Save button as you progress. When you've finished your painting, click Export Image File and save as a JPEG from the drop-down box.

Watch the video below to see all of the steps in action.

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