If you're working on your painting techniques and fancy trying your hand at acrylic painting, we've got everything you need here to get you started. Acrylics are fast drying paints that can be used straight from a tube, like oil paints, or can be thinned with water, like watercolour. They are extremely versatile and vibrant, offering the artist a wide range of textures, colours and consistencies.
Acrylics are also affordable, making them ideal for covering large areas with paint. Because these paints are opaque and fast drying, they can be very forgiving, allowing you to cover up mistakes with more paint. They can be painted on almost anything and dry into a water resistant surface. While you need to be aware of how quickly they dry, acrylics can be blended beautifully.
The heavy body colour of acrylics is buttery and smooth, blending on the canvas almost like oils. Because they basically dry into a plastic surface, they are ideal for using in multimedia painting as well. I will begin by introducing you to four brush shapes that will be useful in your journey into acrylic painting and what each shape can be used for. I will also cover how to care for your brushes – which is an especially important factor in acrylic painting.
Choice of paints
I'll introduce the paints I am using too. Every artist has their favourite brand for acrylic painting and I encourage you to look into what you enjoy working with. The tips in this article can be put into practice with any heavy body acrylic paint, student or professional grade.
Simple techniques such as mixing and misting are also introduced to help you get started with this wonderfully versatile and rewarding medium. Get started with acrylic painting, from choosing your brushes to fundamental techniques...
Acrylic brushes tend to be made from synthetic materials and can be used with a variety of mediums. Oil brushes and watercolour brushes should not be used. It's important to have a good variety of brushes, from small to large. You'll soon learn which you're more comfortable with, but these four are some of the more common shapes you'll encounter. The Filbert brush is a great all-purpose brush that can offer a straight or rounded shape.
For this lesson, I'm using golden acrylics, which I like because of their buttery texture and ability to hold up to a lot of water. These are considered 'Heavy Body Acrylics'. I'd encourage you to experiment with a variety of brands to see which one you enjoy acrylic painting with the most. Acrylic paint is essentially plastic; more specifically, pigment suspended in a polymer emulsion. You can break that emulsion with too much water, so take care when thinning it out.
Mixing paints is a precise process. It's good to know your colour wheel here as you'll be mixing very specific colours as you work. Red and yellow can be combined to make a variety of oranges. Add in some green and you'll get brown and burnt umbers. Using a palette knife, a plastic knife, or even an extra brush is ideal when acrylic painting. Mix thoroughly and remember that some paints can dry a slight shade darker.
Acrylics dry quickly – sometimes too quickly. One way to keep paints moist easily is to mist them with water when you're acrylic painting. You can buy gardening misters at hardware or gardening stores. Depending on the surface you're painting on, you can water your acrylics down enough to almost resemble watercolour. This can be a valuable trick to quickly lie in an under painting to get started.
Gesso is a white paint mixture used as a ground for acrylic painting and oils. Linen is stretched for canvas then painted with gesso to provide a smoother and more resistant surface for the paint to pushed around on. Acrylic gesso is a little different from traditional gesso as it contains latex. You can also use gesso to create texture under the paint you're going to apply.
Glazing is a great way to seal pencil sketches to paint over. Using a gel medium is the best and most even way to achieve a glaze. I start by selecting the colour I'd like to glaze with, in this case green. I mix a bit of gel medium and paint together with just a little mist of water to loosen it all up. Once it's an even mixture, I apply the glaze over these black strokes.
Blending is a tricky technique to master with acrylic painting. First I lay in a layer of white then using a filbert brush, add in blue along the bottom of the area being blended. I stroke back and forth, rapidly up and down the area, until I get a nice gradient from darker blue to white. Working wet into wet is the best way to blend. You can also dry blend by laying in colour, letting it dry then dry brushing colour over it.
08. Wet in wet and over dry to build texture
It's best to use this technique when the colour or surface underneath is dry. I start by loading up my brush with a deep purple and paint a shape into the dry orange paint. From here I can drag out the other side of the stroke to feather it into the canvas and orange paint below. You can see that acrylics have an incredible amount of control and will stay put pretty much where ever you put them.
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