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The best camera for wildlife photography in 2020

Best camera for wildlife photography
(Image credit: Canon)

The best camera for wildlife photography is essential if you want to capture stunning images of animals in their natural environments. So what should you be looking for when buying one of these devices?

The key word is speed, and this manifests in a number of ways. Wild animals are notorious for not posing for a camera, even when asked very politely, so the enterprising wildlife photographer needs to be able to react quickly. This means that their camera needs to have a fast frame rate, to make sure they can capture several images in a fraction of a second. The camera also needs to have a decent shot buffer, meaning it can take a good number of images before needing to cool off. 

Another huge consideration is autofocus. A camera with a large spread of autofocus points across its frame will be much more capable of locking onto wildlife. Also, more recent cameras tend to have more sophisticated autofocus systems with tracking mechanism that can keep pace with a moving subject. This can prove crucial, and can be the difference between nailing the shot and missing it altogether.

Also, remember that you're going to be outside for long periods of time, so a camera with good battery life is critical. Similarly, it should be lightweight and easy to carry for long distances (our picks of the best camera bags around would be a good idea to look over as well). Lens selection is a factor too; does the camera offer a good selection of long telephoto lenses to bring wildlife into focus? And then there's price of course!

We've taken all these things into consideration when constructing our list of the best cameras for wildlife photography, so you're sure to find a product to suit your requirements. And if you're after something for the budding photographers in your life, then don't miss our best cameras for kids

We're expecting to see some great savings on some of these items in the rapidly approaching Black Friday and Cyber Monday sales, so keep your eyes peeled. In the meantime, let’s take a look at the best cameras for wildlife photography that you can buy right now...

The best camera for wildlife photography available now

Nikon Z50

(Image credit: Nikon)

01. Nikon Z50

A hugely capable camera for a great price, this is our pick for best wildlife camera

Best for: Enthusiasts | Frames per second: 11 | AF points: 209 | Weight: 450g body-only | Battery life: 320 shots per charge

Fast and lightweight
Great value for money
Pack a spare battery
APS-C sensor

Borrowing loads of great features from Nikon's flagship professional mirrorless cameras, the Z50 is a zippy, lightweight shooter that's great for tackling wildlife photography. A snappy 11fps burst rate meets a comprehensive autofocus system with 253 points that cover the majority of the frame, meaning you'll be able to track even fast-moving subjects. 

Image quality is excellent, and the dynamic range is much better than you might expect from a camera with an APS-C sensor. Controls are comfortable and sensibly placed and the camera is lightweight, meaning you won't have to worry too much about the weight if you're trekking into the woods to find your subjects. One thing we would recommend though is buying and packing a spare battery and portable charger; the shot-per-charge rate of 320 is a little limiting for a day's photography.

Canon EOS R6

(Image credit: Canon)

02. Canon EOS R6

Full-frame goodness with unreal autofocus, this is the best enthusiast's wildlife camera

Best for: Enthusiasts | Frames per second: 20 | AF points: 1,053 | Weight: 680g (body only) | Battery life: 360 shots per charge

Incredible autofocus system
Sophisticated stabilisation
Expensive
Relatively low megapixel count

In wildlife photography, just as in other disciplines, a full-frame sensor can confer a lot of advantages. The larger sensor area produces better dynamic range, which improves the camera's performance in low light or challenging high-contrast situations. The disadvantage is that full-frame cameras cost more than ones with smaller sensors; if you can afford the outlay, we really recommend the Canon EOS R6. Its autofocus system is simply out of this world, with a dedicated Animal AF mode that is basically a cheat code for wildlife photography. It is also a "Deep Learning" autofocus system, meaning it gets better the more you use it.

Canon has also recently produced some native super-telephoto lenses for the mirrorless RF mount. These include the jack-of-all-trades Canon RF 100-500mm F4.5-7.1L IS USM, which is a professional lens that comes at the kind of price you'd expect. If your budget is looking slimmer, there are also two interesting prime lenses priced more affordably: the Canon RF 600mm f/11 IS STM and Canon RF 800mm f/11 IS STM. They have a fixed f/11 aperture, relying on the high-ISO performance of cameras in the R series to compensate. Canon also says that the fixed aperture should improve autofocus.

(Image credit: Fujifilm)

03. Fujifilm X-T4

A sublime mirrorless shooting experience, with fast burst and a good buffer

Best for: Enthusiasts | Frames per second: 20 | AF points: 425 | Weight: 607g body-only | Battery life: 500 shots per charge

Fast burst and 100-shot buffer
Fantastic image quality
AF sometimes unreliable
Buffer reduced for RAW

A beautifully designed APS-C camera, the Fujifilm X-T4 is one of the best mirrorless cameras around right now, with a feature-set that provides the wildlife photographer with loads of options. Its burst modes are seriously impressive, going up to 15fps with the mechanical shutter, or 20fps with the electronic shutter (and a 1.25x crop), and thanks to its generous shooting buffer, you can fill your card up with more than 100 JPEG frames at these speeds before the camera needs to slow down. Perfect for making sure you nail that subject! The buffer is a little more limited when shooting in RAW, but happily Fujifilm's cameras produce some of the best fresh-off-the-sensor JPEGS out there right now.

The deal is sweetened by a generous 6.5-stop image stabilisation system, and the X-T4 also produces excellent 4K video, making it a great choice if you plan on switching between the two modes of shooting. It's a little expensive for an APS-C camera, but the amount of functionality you get more than justifies the price, in our view.

(Image credit: Canon)

04. Canon EOS-1D X Mark II

The very best of the best, at the premium price you’d expect

Best for: Experts | Frames per second: 16 | AF points: 61, including 41 cross-type | Weight: 1340g body-only | Battery life: 1,210 shots per charge

Super-fast shooting
Extremely tough and versatile
Expensive
Heavy and bulky

The Canon EOS-1D X Mark II is the current gold standard for professional photographers. It shoots and shoots with speed and accuracy, and if you don’t mind paying the premium price tag, it’ll produce superb results when photographing wildlife. It’s an absolute beast of a camera, able to keep churning out shots at 16fps with the mirror locked up, or at 14fps with autofocus enabled. Access to the Canon EF range of lenses ensures you’ll always have glass for the occasion, with some of the best telephotos in the business on its books. It’s the camera equivalent of a pneumatic drill – if you know what you’re doing, you’ll get the job done as quickly and efficiently as possible.

(Image credit: Nikon)

05. Nikon D5300

One bump up from beginner, affordable and well-specced

Best for: Beginners and enthusiasts | Frames per second: 5 | AF points: 39, including 9 cross-type | Weight: 480g body-only | Battery life: 600 shots per charge

Available for a good price
Generous AF system
No touchscreen
Middling battery life

While Nikon’s true entry-level range is its D3000 series of cameras, we reckon the D5300 is a better buy for the wildlife photographer on a budget. This highly capable DSLR provides a generous 24.1MP of resolution and 5fps burst shooting, as well as an autofocus system that’s surprisingly sophisticated for a camera of this class. Add in access to the extensive Nikon F range of lenses and you’ve got a camera that equips you with all the tools you’ll need to get started with wildlife photography, all at a really competitive price. It’s weather-sealed too, so you need have no fear of the elements.

(Image credit: Sony)

06. Sony RX10 IV

Sony’s premium bridge compact is a wildlife wonder with a big lens

Best for: Enthusiasts | Frames per second: 24 | AF points: 315 | Weight: 1095g body-only | Battery life: 400 shots per charge

Far-reaching, high-quality lens
Blistering burst mode
Very expensive
Poor battery life

The fourth iteration of Sony’s big RX10 bridge camera, the RX10 IV pairs a 1-inch sensor with a 24-600mm f/2.4-4 lens for amazing versatility and image quality. All this range would already be ideal for wildlife photography, but the fact that the camera is capable of shooting at an impressive 24fps with autofocus, to a maximum buffer of 249 frames, really seals the deal. The autofocus system is fast enough to keep up thanks to its 315 AF points, with Sony claiming focus-acquisition times as snappy as 0.03sec. All this comes at a premium price – if it’s too dear for you, consider previous models in the RX10 range, which you should be able to find at a much friendlier price.

(Image credit: Sony)

07. Sony a77 II

Sony’s SLT camera is a capable fast shooter that can be had for a bargain

Best for: Enthusiasts | Frames per second: 12 | AF points: 79, including 15 cross-type | Weight: 647g inc. batteries | Battery life: 480 shots per charge

Fast burst shooting with autofocus
Excellent build and ergonomics
A few years old
Noise issues at high ISOs

Sony's A-mount SLT range doesn't get as much love as it used to, which is a shame, because cameras like the A77 II do so many things right that they're up there with the best DSLR cameras for wildlife photography. This model is capable of shooting at up to 12fps with autofocus enabled, and it’s designed with the kind of intelligent ergonomics that make DSLRs so intuitive to use, with a generously sized handgrip and intelligently laid-out controls. Its autofocus system is sophisticated and accurate, and while the fact that it’s a few years old means it’s missing some of the latest bells and whistles, this also means the a77 II can be picked up for a bargain price.

(Image credit: Sony)

08. Sony a6500

Sony’s super-fast APS-C shooter, more affordable than the big full-frame models

Best for: Enthusiasts | Frames per second: 11 | AF points: 425 | Weight: 453g inc. batteries | Battery life: 350 shots per charge

Super-fast and accurate
Lightweight
Some confusing menus
Minimal physical controls

While Sony has many fantastic full-frame mirrorless cameras in its Alpha 7 range, we like the a6500 for its combination of lightweight build, super-speedy shooting and incredible autofocus coverage; a massive 425 points spread across the frame ensures that the a6500 will be able to lock onto even the most elusive of subjects. The a6500 is also incredibly lightweight, and its APS-C sensor pushes the focal length of your lenses just a little bit further, which is a boon for photographing wildlife. An incredibly feature-packed camera for its size and price point, the a6500 is a superb achievement of imaging technology.

(Image credit: Nikon)

09. Nikon D850

The full-frame workhorse of the Nikon stable will always get the job done

Best for: Enthusiasts/experts | Frames per second: 7 (9 with optional battery grip) | AF points: 153 | Weight: 1005g inc. batteries | Battery life: 1840 shots per charge

Basically does everything well
Outstanding RAW shots
Expensive
Some Live View autofocus issues

You’ll find no shortage of Nikon photographers eager to tell you why they swear by the D850 – it’s basically a premium all-rounder, a solid DSLR that does pretty much everything really well, and is undoubtedly one of the best cameras for wildlife photography. With 45MP of resolution, class-leading dynamic range, a weather-sealed construction, excellent noise-reduction systems and truly outstanding image quality, especially in RAW files, the camera is just an absolute workhorse. You can connect to SnapBridge for instant image transfer from the camera to your phone, and thanks to the generous battery life, you can shoot for absolutely ages. An all-around winner. 

(Image credit: Canon)

10. Canon EOS 7D Mark II

One of the best APS-C DSLRs around

Best for: Enthusiasts | Frames per second: 10 | AF points: 65 cross-type | Weight: 910g inc. batteries | Battery life: 670 shots per charge

Useful dual card slots
Fast autofocus
No Wi-Fi
No touchscreen

When Canon updated its EOS 7D camera, it didn’t just bump up the resolution, it remade the camera from the ground up to make it an absolutely superb APS-C DSLR in practically every category. It can burst shoot at up to 10fps and its lightning-fast Dual-Pixel autofocus system can keep up with everything. Add in a sophisticated metering system, a rugged body and a host of other useful functions (albeit no Wi-Fi, and an LCD that isn’t touch-sensitive), and you have a seriously competitive DSLR for capturing wildlife. Canon did an excellent job of overhauling the EOS 7D – the EOS 7D Mark II is outstanding.

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