Mastering Photoshop's extensive toolset is no easy feat, despite the amount of brilliant Photoshop tutorials (opens in new tab) now available. But once you've got the hang of them, they seriously simplify the life of a digital artist.
For this article, we're going to focus on Photoshop's Blend Modes. So, whether you’re dodging and burning, hand-painting or portrait‑toning, Blend Modes can play a part and make the job much easier. Here are seven of the best techniques...
01. Dodge and burn with Overlay
One of the best ways to lighten and darken non-destructively is by painting on a grey layer. Alt-click the New Layer icon in the Layers Panel. Set its Blend Mode to Overlay and tick the Fill With box to make a grey layer, then grab the Brush Tool and paint with white or black at around 10% opacity to dodge and burn selected areas of your photo.
02. Get the hand-painted look
If you want to give some of your black-and-white images a hand-painted look, try making a new layer and setting its Blend Mode to Color. Now grab the Brush Tool, choose a colour and start painting. For best results, use a low opacity for the brush and build up the colours gradually. Patience gets the best results here.
03. Matching colours in montages
If you’re planning to merge two images to create a montage, here’s an easy way to match the colours so the shots look like they belong together. Duplicate the background image’s layer, then go to Filter > Blur > Average.
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Drag this layer above the cut-out object layer, then right-click it and select Create Clipping Mask. Now change this layer’s Blend Mode to Overlay, and reduce the opacity until the combination looks right.
04. Make edgy portraits in seconds
For a quick punchy look that works well for portraits, first add a Black and White Adjustment Layer, then choose the Soft Light Blend Mode. This creates extra contrast and slightly desaturates the colours. Adjust the layer opacity to control the effect.
05. Paint masks with Overlay
Cut-outs can suffer from fringing along the edges, but Blend Modes applied to the Brush Tool can help. Highlight the mask, grab the Brush Tool and set the brush Blend Mode to Overlay. Now you can paint with black to hide the fringes.
06. Blend with lighten
To blend bright subjects like smoke with other elements, shoot them against a completely black backdrop. Copy them into an image and change the Blend Mode to either Lighten or Screen to instantly blend the smoke with everything else.
07. Control colour brightness
It may sound strange, but you can use the Black and White Adjustment Layer to fine-tune the look of colour images. Add the Adjustment Layer, then change its Blend Mode to Luminosity. Now you can drag the sliders to alter the brightness of different colour ranges, or grab the Hand Tool from the Black and White box then drag over colours in the image.