Videogames, they are everywhere. They used to be the reserve of the console-owning hardcore. Now you can't pick up a phone or use a tablet device without being tempted.
Games are big business. Nowadays they're played by men, women, children, teenagers - everybody, basically. There is no better time to be a gamer, which should mean there's no better time to put your graphic design and illustration skills to work and become part of the ever-expanding games industry. To give you an idea of how it all works and how you can become involved, I'll walk you through the basics of how original gaming art gets from sketchpad to screen...
Programs like Photoshop CS6 (opens in new tab) are used in a multitude of ways in the gaming industry.
It could be visualising concepts in the early stages. Or, if you are working on a real-time 3D game, then a 2D art package may be used create the texture maps that wrap around your model to give it colour and detail.
Texture maps are usually created by manipulating photographic reference, or painted from scratch.
2D art software can also be used to create fun 2D sprite graphics like those seen on the more popular games on iPhone/iPad.
The industry standard is Photoshop but Gimp (opens in new tab) and Paint.net (opens in new tab) are decent free alternatives.
3D software is used by the games industry to create the 3D models to go into the game environment. Using triangles and polygons, complex forms can be created with relative ease once you know your way around the interface.
As well as being able to realise designs in 3D, the real skill is achieving the best result with the least amount of polygons/quads. This number will depend on the device you are making it for.
A PC, Xbox, and PS3 will handle substantially more detailed models than an iPad or Android device for example.
3D software is also where the animation is created for a videogame. This can happen either by keyframing (opens in new tab), or for a more super realistic look, by importing motion capture data (opens in new tab).
The industry standard 3D software is Autodesk's 3DS Max (opens in new tab) or Maya (opens in new tab) but Blender (opens in new tab) is free and will give you a taste of 3D.
Sculpting programs are essential to get the super level of detail found in today’s console games. Models are usually exported from the 3D package of choice and imported into ZBrush (opens in new tab) or Mudbox (opens in new tab).
Think of the process like moulding with clay. It’s here that all the fine surface detail is added. When you’re done, texture maps of various types can be exported out to be used with the original 3D model. Sculpting tools are essential for any character artist.
The industry standard is Pixologic Z Brush (opens in new tab) and Autodesk Mudbox. Sculptris (opens in new tab) is an excellent and free introduction to 3D sculpting, also produced by Pixologic.
So you've designed your characters/environments/vehicles in Photoshop. You've lovingly modeled them and animated them in 3DS Max. You've added surface detail in ZBrush. What next?
In order to run the various functions, a game has to offer an environment either has to be programmed or, most commonly, purchased. These take the shape of game engines.
Game engines allow artists to export their assets into a game environment with lighting and a camera set up. It also allows game designers to script and create how the game actually plays. It certainly helps to have a programmer on board too.
The most common game engines are Epic's UDK Engine (opens in new tab) (used to create Unreal Tournament and the basis of Gears or War series on the Xbox 360 and Infinity Blade on the iPad to name but a few) and Unity Engine (opens in new tab), which is a versatile and popular cross platform engine. Both have free demos available.
Those are the basics of how a videogame is created. To learn more about 3D software, check out Creative Bloq's sister magazines 3D World (opens in new tab) while Edge (opens in new tab) magazine contains all you need to know about the latest news, jobs and developments from the videogames industry: especially check out the Get Into Games (opens in new tab) section on its website.
Words: Jason Pickthall (opens in new tab)
- Jason Pickthall (opens in new tab) has 10 years' experience in the videogames industry. He currently works as a senior concept artist at FreeStyleGames (opens in new tab), an Activision Studio, and blogs at Pickthall Sketches (opens in new tab).
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