When I first used the Pathfinder tool back in college, I was surprised to realise how much time it could save me. In basic terms, it enables you to create new shapes by adding, subtracting or combining forms – which are all tasks that would otherwise take considerably more time to perform manually.
In this tutorial, I’ll show you a great way to combine several useful functions of the Pathfinder tool in the process of creating a simple graphic. The following steps will provide you with a better understanding of the tool’s uses, and how you can put it to good use in your own projects.
01 First create two concentric circles. We’re going to cut out the smaller circle from the larger circle. I’ve assigned both of the circles different colours to preview the area that will be taken away. Find the Pathfinder panel by going to Window>Pathfinder.
02 Next, select both of your circles – making sure that the smaller of the two is above the larger one – and click the Minus Front button within the Pathfinder panel. This will cut out the small circle from the large, so you can move it away to leave a ring shape.
03 Now, duplicate the ring and position the two as shown, so that they overlap. Once you’re happy with the position, select both rings and click the Divide button from the Pathfinder panel. This will split the two shapes at the areas where they overlap, creating six shapes overall. If you’re feeling adventurous, play around with some of the other buttons in the panel to discover how they work.
04 The two rings will be grouped, so you need to ungroup them first (Object>Ungroup). Next, we need to combine three of the six shapes to form one side of the two rings, and give the impression that they’re linked together. Select three of the six shapes as shown, and click the Unite button in the Pathfinder panel. It might help to change the colour of the three shapes first, to make sure you combine the right ones.
05 Repeat the Unite process with the remaining three shapes to form the second ring shape. You can finish the design however you wish, to achieve the impression of the two rings linking. Using different functions within the Pathfinder tool can enable you to achieve a range of results, so it’s worth experimenting with it to discover more possibilities.
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