Many portrait photographers make their subject stand out from the crowd by printing the shot in black and white. By portraying the subject using varying greyscale tones, photographers can emphasise contrasting features, such as dark eyes and light skin, to create prints with impact.
Thanks to Adjustment Layers in Photoshop CS6 (opens in new tab) (also available in Photoshop CS3-CS5) you can take your mono conversions a step further and produce high-contrast shots that add drama, evoking moods and feelings that would be harder to achieve with a standard greyscale image.
To create a more dramatic-looking monochrome print, avoid shooting the subject with a camera-mounted flash. This direct light source will fill in all the shadows on their face and create a high-key flat-lit portrait.
By popping the flash to the side of the subject, you can plunge part of the face into darkness, creating a more mysterious-looking monochrome shot as features such as the eyes and mouth emerge from the darkness.
Converting to mono
To convert a portrait to black and white, you’ll need to do more than simply throw away all the colour information, or you’ll just end up with a bland wash of greys.
Photoshop’s powerful Black & White Adjustment Layer lets you lighten and darken specific areas with a great deal of precision, so you can emphasise some features and hide others. We’ll also look at adjusting Levels to darken midtone details and enhance the shot’s sense of mystery.
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01. Desaturate the shot
Open advanced_mono_before.jpg. Try removing colour the quick way by choosing Image>Adjustments>Desaturate. The resulting black-and-white image is okay, but lacks the high-contrast impact of our final version. You’ll also see too many shadow details, which diminishes the mystery. Choose Edit>StepBackward to restore the colour.
02. Crop it
Before you start tweaking tones, it makes sense to crop the shot, because there’s no point in adjusting areas that you’re going to remove. By cropping the shot, you can zoom in on the model and make her more dominant in the frame. This adds more drama and impact to the image. Grab the Crop tool, use it to reframe the image and hit Return.
03. Create an Adjustment Layer
Go to Window>Layers to open the Layers palette. For more control over the tones in the greyscale conversion, choose Layer>New
AdjustmentLayer>Black&White. Click OK in the New Layer command box to add the ‘Black & White 1 Adjustment Layer’ to the Layers palette.
04. Powerful presets
Initially, the Adjustment Layer creates a similar result to the Desaturate command, but you now have more control. Set the drop-down preset menu to High Contrast Blue Filter. This reduces the value of the Reds and Yellows sliders, darkening skin tones.
05. Selective adjustments
Go back to the Default setting. To lighten the highlights in the face, drag Reds up to 128 and Yellows to 105. Enhance the white of the subject’s left eye by pushing Cyans up to 272. Pop Blues up to 121 to make the delicate blue tint in her eyes stand out more.
06. Moody midtones
Make more of the model’s face fade further into the darkness by adjusting the midtones. Go to Layer>NewAdjustmentLayer>Levels. Slide the grey Midtone input level slider to a value of 0.74. This leaves the highlights untouched, but tips the grey midtones towards the shadows.
07. Burn the shadows
Click on the ‘Background’ layer to target it. Grab the Burn tool, then set Range to Midtones and Exposure to 20%, so you can make incremental tonal adjustments using just a few strokes. Set Size to 700. Gently spray over the midtone details on the shaded side of the face to darken them even more.
08. Dodge the highlights
To emphasise the model’s hair, select the Dodge tool. Set Range to Highlights, Size to 200 and Exposure to 25%. Spray over the hair to make the shiny highlights stand out. To create a border, choose Select>All, then Edit>Stroke. Set Width to 40 pixels, Colour to Black, Location to Inside and click OK.