Photorealism: 27 astounding examples

(Image credit: Chuck Close)

Photorealism is artwork so realistic that the boundaries between reality and imagination blur: the results will make a viewer do a double-take, leading them to believe that an artist has created a photo using raw materials. 

We've found the very best, and most mind-boggling examples of photorealism to inspire you. These pictures have all been created with a pen, pencil or brush and contain astounding attention to detail. They are so realistic, you'll wonder if the artist has cheated and used a camera. If you'd like to create your own piece, you'll need our pick of the best pencils. Or why not try a different new art technique, such as those listed in our guide?

But for now, let's take a look at some of the best photorealism around.

Click on the icon at the top-right of the image to enlarge it.

01. Miguel Angel Nunez

Photorealism: Nunez

Circulo vicicoso (Vicicose circle), painted with oil on wood (Image credit: Miguel Angel Nunez)

Miguel Angel Nunez, an artist from Uruguay, has created an impressive array of photorealistic art – using oil on wood (as with this lollipop) or canvas. The subjects of his talents are usually food or drink, and they are so realistic they make your mouth water. Also see Botellas con vaso azul (Bottles with blue glass), which contains water, plastic and paper – all with incredibly realistic textures.

02. Chuck Close

Photorealism: Chuck Close

Chuck Close is a stalwart of photorealism (Image credit: Chuck Close)

Chuck Close is a well-known photorealistic artist who makes his artwork on an enormous scale. Though Close often uses close-shot photographs in his work, many of his pieces are painted or drawn. Big Self-Portrait (above) is acrylic on canvas.

03. Oscar Ukonu

Oscar Okonu creates his work with just a ball-point pen

Nigeria has become a hotbed of photorealistic art over the last few years, and one of our favourite practitioners is Oscar Okonu. He creates his large-scale photorealistic images using only a ball-point pen on paper, and the results are stunning. Each work takes him over 100 hours to complete, and he estimates that he gets through approximately ten pens per piece.

04. Gottfried Helnwein

Helnwein's unsettling work often tackles tough subjects

If Gottfried Helnwein's incredible photorealistic work seems a little unsettling, it's with good reason. One of the best-known and most controversial German-speaking artists since World War 2, his hyperrealistic paintings often feature children, sometimes wounded or bandaged, sometimes in Nazi uniforms. Helnwein tackles difficult and controversial subjects in his work, and his painstaking attention to detail makes them it all the more provocative.

05. David Kassan

David Hassan's portraits can take up to two years to complete

David Kassan's life-size photorealistic paintings can take him anywhere between two months and two years to complete; he says that he doesn't simply try to replicate his subjects, rather he tries to capture their essence and imbue them with their own voice. He's currently working on a project with the USC Shoah Foundation, for which he paints portraits of Holocaust survivors that will be exhibited along with their written testimonies and short films.

06. Elizabeth Patterson

Elizabeth Patterson's coloured pencil work is both photorealistic and impressionistic

Elizabeth Patterson's artistic career was put on hold in 1984 after a severe injury left her without use of her drawing hand. Returning to art 15 years later, she hit upon her defining style: urban scenes as viewed from the behind a car windscreen in the rain, drawn using coloured pencil, graphite and a touch of solvent, which manage to be both impressionistic and photorealistic in their execution.

07. Ester Curini

There's a touch of the anthropomorphic to Ester Curini's animal portraits

Born in Italy and based in New York, Ester Curini is a self-taught painter who specialises in highly detailed animal portraits set against stark white backgrounds, often in startlingly human poses. "Capturing the unique energy, essence and spirit of each creature I paint is the centre of my work," she explains. "Isolating the figures on seamless white backgrounds lets me concentrate only on the essentials that matter to me."

08. Richard Estes 

Photorealism: Richard Estes

Artist Richard Estes and an entire street scene is meticulously reflected in the glass window in Double Self-Portrait (1976)

For a masterclass in photorealism, look no further than American artist Richard Estes. One of the foremost practitioners of the late 1960s international photorealist movement, Estes primarily paints stunningly convincing urban scenes.

Estes compiles his compositions from multiple source photographs before reconstructing reality in hyper-real renderings. Look closely and you'll often see a reflective surface, such as a shop window, enhancing the scene with additional details.

09. Diego Fazio 

Like most of Diego Fazio's portraits, Sensazioni was created with pencil and paper

Italian-born artist Diego Fazio, aka DiegoKoi, refined his skills when he first started out by drawing koi. Years later, the water in his incredible portraits looks as though it's been caught on camera, but his artwork is, astoundingly, drawn in pencil.

10. Raphaella Spence 

Raphaella Spence is a photorealist painter based in Todi, Italy

Raphaella Spence's photorealistic cityscapes and landscapes are included in private, public and corporate collections throughout America, Canada, England, Russia, Italy, Austria and Germany.

The London-born, Italy-based artist started out in still life before developing her technical skills, and has received worldwide recognition for her stunning hyperrealistic paintings.

11. Don Jacot 

Space Guns evokes a 1950s childhood

American photorealist artist Don Jacot works in acrylics, oils, gouache, watercolour and charcoal. Largely self-taught, Jacot's best known for his attention to light, colour and form, often focusing on objects with historical or cultural significance.

Space Guns, pictured here, is a striking six-foot oil-on-linen masterpiece that enlargens the toys to several times their actual size.

12. Pedro Campos 

At 162 x 97cm, Legs is a large oil-on-canvas piece

Pedro Campos didn't begin oil painting until the age of 30. Now in his 50s, his incredibly realistic still life shots, city and seascapes are regularly mistaken for photographs.

The Madrid-based artist lists Lucien Freud, Richard Estes, Francis Bacon, Antonio López and Anish Kapoor among his influences. He's best known for his pictorial attention to detail and a series of drinks cans and fruit wrapped in plastic sheets.

13. Rob Hefferan 

Rob Hefferan mainly focuses on portrait work

Based in Cheshire, UK, Rob Hefferan is an exceptionally talented figurative artist. Working predominantly with oil and acrylics, Hefferan focuses his photorealistic work on that of portraits. His attention to detail on the skin and folds in fabric make his work utterly wonderful.

14. Juan Francisco Casas Ruiz 

Juan Francisco Casas Ruiz creates imagery like no other

Juan Francisco Casas Ruiz is a Spanish visual artist. He has been exhibited in New York, Miami, Chicago, Seoul, Singapore, London, Paris, Mexico and Basel, and received numerous awards. His work is represented in major collections including the Museum Atrium, or the ABC Museum, and in private collections around the world.

15. Halim Ghodbane 

We love the lighting in Halim Ghodbane's work

Halim Ghodbane's attention to detail is breathtaking. His portraits are often covered in gorgeous soft lighting, highlighting his impeccable brush skills. He even dabbles in celebrity portraits. Check out his work for some photorealistic inspiration.

Next page: More incredible examples of photorealism

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Beren Neale
Deals Editor

Beren has worked on creative titles at Future Publishing for over 13 years. Cutting his teeth as Staff Writer on the digital art magazine ImagineFX, he moved on to edit several creative titles, and is currently the Deals Editor on the most effective creative website in the world. When he's not testing and reviewing the best ergonomic office chairs, he can be found finding and comparing the best deals on the tech that creatives value the most.