There are three steps to preparing a photo for printing. Start by calibrating your monitor. Most screens have a strong blue cast, and without calibration, your prints won’t match the display. Calibration is easy as long as you have a colorimetric device such as those made by Spyder or Pantone. Just connect the device, start the supplied software and follow the on-screen instructions.
Second, you need to adjust the brightness of the image. Monitors tend to be too bright for printing. Start by reducing the brightness of your monitor to around 30%, then brighten your image appropriately. It will seem strange at first, but if you don’t do this, your photos will come out too dark.
Finally, the image needs to be sharpened. Use the Smart Sharpen tool in Photoshop CS6 or any version with this tool. Trial and error is required as the amount of sharpening needed varies according to subject matter, paper surface, and print size.
01. Brighten the image
With the monitor calibrated and darkened, open the photo you want to print and create a new Curves Adjustment Layer. Grab the centre of the curve with the mouse and move it upwards to lighten.
02. Flatten and save
Flatten the image and save under a new name so that you don’t overwrite the original. Go to Filter>Sharpen>Smart Sharpen.
03. Sharpen and print
Set Amount to 80% and Radius to 1.0 pixels. Select Remove Lens Blur. Click OK, then make a test print. If the print is too sharp or too soft, undo the sharpening and start again.
Words: Andrew Gibson
This article first appeared in Practical Photoshop magazine, the number one magazine for lovers of photography and image-editing. To find out extra tips, tutorials, and expert advice: get the mag!