FontShop AG, the renowned type foundry, conducted a survey based on historical relevance, sales at FontShop.com (opens in new tab), and aesthetic quality. With a few additions from the experts at Creative Bloq and Computer Arts magazine, the best fonts ever were selected for the new book, 100 Best Typefaces Ever.
Here we are counting down the 100 greatest fonts, but you can read interviews with some of the typefaces' creators, a brief history of type, the anatomy of a font, and much, much more in the book – find out how to get your copy in print or digital formats at the foot of this post.
But without further ado, here's the 48th best typeface…
48. Cooper Black
- Oswald B. Cooper, 1922
In the advertising heartland of Chicago in 1899, 20-year-old Oswald B. Cooper, the son of a graphic artist, was accepted at the Frank Holme School of Illustration (a school set up by renowned illustrator Frank Holme in the Fine Arts Building on Michigan Ave). Among the classes that Cooper attended there were the writing courses of Frederic Goudy (other teachers included W. W. Denslow, best known for illustrating the first edition of the Wizard of Oz). Five years on, Cooper and his friend Fred Bertsch founded the advertising agency Bertsch & Cooper.
It was here, in 1921, 'Oz' (as he had become known) designed a bold typeface with rounded serifs for a poster, and subsequently released the font in 1922 to Barnhart Brothers & Spindler.
Cooper Black was consistent with the spirit of advertising at that time: simple, friendly and ultimately, robust. It became so incredibly successful that Monotype commissioned a copy – rather ironically from Cooper's teacher Goudy – that was released in 1925 as Goudy Heavyface.
In early 1930, Cooper attempted to protect his font by means of a patent. The case went through three levels of jurisdiction before a judge ruled in 1931 that some of the Cooper Black characters had been taken from a brand logo known prior to 1920. And thus the first attempt to protect the form of a typeface failed.
The Beach Boys’ 1966 album Pet Sounds is often credited with the resurgence of the typeface.
This is an extract from The 100 Best Typefaces Ever (opens in new tab), the definitive guide to the greatest fonts ever created, in association with FontShop AG.