PhotoshopFeature

10 common Photoshop mistakes (and how to avoid them)

We all like to think we're Photoshop gurus, but is there room for improvement? We list the common errors that prevent designers realising their creative potential.

Working in Photoshop is such a ubiquitous feature of our lives that much of what we do becomes automated and subconcious. But ask yourself whether your work habits are holding you back and making you less productive and affecting the quality of your work.

Here, we outline 10 of the most common mistakes designers make when using Photoshop. If you recognise any of these in your own workflow, it's time to make a change...

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01. Failing to use shortcuts

Don't go the long way round - use existing shortcuts or create your own

Learning shortcuts is an enormously important way to save time and enery as a designer. Here you can find a list of some of the most useful Photoshop shortcuts.

It might sound like a lot of effort but learning them will increase your workflow exponentially. You can also create your own shortcuts in Photoshop by selecting Edit and then Keyboard Shortcuts. You can even go further and create your own Photoshop scripts.

02. Forgetting to save regularly

A common mistake people make when working in any software is forgetting to save, and consequently losing all your work when there's a power cut or hardware malfunction. The lies we tell ourselves are always the most convincing, so it's easy to believe that we DO save regularly. But come on, be honest...

03. Not using layers and folders

Not creating enough layers is a common beginner's mistake

A central feature of Photoshop, layers make a project easier to edit, duplicate and more. A common mistake that beginners make is to fail to create enough layers, only to regret it later when they realise it's quicker to start again than edit what they've done.

More experience designers know not to fall into that trap - but what they still often fail to do is to organise their layers and structure them into folders properly. Again, this may seem like a lot of unnecessary work, but it will help massively keeping your project organised and save you much time and hassle over the long term. Plus, if you ever have to hand over your work to another designer, they'll love you for it.

04. Making permanent adjustments

You're usually better off using Layer Masks rather than the eraser tool

Similar to point 3, making permanent adjustments to the pixels within projects without the ability to go back and change things at a later time is a classic mistake to make. To avoid this, you're usually better off using layer masks instead of the eraser tool.  Also, use smart objects rather than rasterized layers.

05. Relying too much on stock imagery

There are times when using stock photography makes sense for a designer working on a project in Photoshop. At other times, it's much better (and may even be quicker) to shoot or illustrate the image yourself. When you do use stock photography, make sure the images are relevant and that you use your Photoshop smarts to improve the image where necessary.

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06. Defaulting to CMYK

Don't assume CMYK is always the best option for print work

Believe it or not, designing in CMYK mode in Photoshop is not always the best way to go, especially when it comes to print work (for an explanation of the difference between CMYK and RGB see this article). Using CMYK during design can be limiting, as certain functions and filters do not work, and the file size will be bigger. Sometimes working in RGB mode with colour proofing on is a better way to work, and then the file can be converted to CMYK closer to the final stages.

07. Going overboard with retouching

We've all seen examples where a designer has got a bit overzealous with the airbrush in Photoshop. Whether we're talking about removing 'clutter' from a landscape or smoothing a model's skin, it's important not to get too carried away with trying to make an image too 'perfect'. Paradoxically, going too far down that road will actually make it look fake and uninteresting.

08. Using Photoshop for everything

Photoshop is not the only tool: other apps, such as Sketch, may do the job as well or better

Photoshop is a very versatile tool, but isn't necessarily the perfect software for every design task. For example, if you're creating a vector-based logo, you're much better off using Illustrator. Many web designers argue Fireworks is a better option for web design than Photoshop (although note that Adobe is no longer developing the tool). Also read our roundup of the best Photoshop alternatives.

09. Using 'Desaturate' to convert black and white images

Choosing the Image>Adjustments>Desaturate function in Photoshop does exactly what it suggests and destaurates all the colour from an image, leaving you with a black and white version. However, this can often result in a flat, lifeless photograph.

A much richer image can be produced by choosing Image >Adjustments>Channel Mixer. Check off Monochrome and then adjust the Red, Green and Blue channel sliders until you achieve the desired result.

10. Working in 72dpi

Photoshop's default resolution is 72dpi (dots per inch), which, for the most part, is fine for the web. But this resolution should not be used for print.

At the beginning of a project, ensure that your dpi is set correctly for the type of work you're doing (print is typically 300dpi) as increasing the resolution at a later date can lead to work appearing pixelated and cause problems when printing.

Photoshop's default resolution is 72 dpi

Words: Claire Roper and Kerrie Hughes

Claire Roper writes on behalf of Click Inks, an ink cartridge distributor. Claire works in marketing and has a strong interest in design.

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What mistakes have you found yourself making in Photoshop? Let us know in the comments below!

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