Essential HTML, CSS and JavaScript techniques

This article first appeared in issue 234 of .net magazine – the world's best-selling magazine for web designers and developers.

A technique, at its core, is a way to carry out a task and, being frontend developers and designers, we have a lot of tasks. That said, we often forget how much this landscape has changed. From 2002 to 2010 our community was rotten with code and resource bloat, hindering performance and maintainability. To overcome this, we created a slew of tips, tricks and hacks we dubbed ‘technique’. We were still accomplishing tasks, just not in the most efficient manner.

Doing a 360, the last few years have seen better standards and standards implementations spring to life, enabling us as a community to develop newer and more advanced ‘techniques’. This new landscape is what’s considered the ‘modern web’.

As ‘Web 2.0’ became stagnant and confusing, so too will the ‘modern web’. Give it time. That said, for now, we can use and abuse the term so long as there is a common understanding of what it represents.

In 2010 the HTML5 specification landed, providing a brand new, semi-standardised web environment. Browsers such as Opera, Firefox, Chrome and Safari embraced this new wave and pushed their dev teams to new limits of standards implementations and API exploration. To give you an idea of how ‘onboard’ these browsers are, check’s visualisations of changing HTML5 support.

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