Typography isn't only about picking trendy retro fonts and colours. While it's commonly discussed as a part of the interface, typography can also play a part in the user experience and content goals of a site, if we consider a few key concepts.
Start by reading the content, then choose typefaces that fit with it. In The Type Primer, John Kane shares the four key considerations that dictate which families to select: the content, author's voice, audience, and (one of the most overlooked) the historical context of a typeface. After choosing a typeface, consider its placement.
In Thinking With Type, Ellen Lupton advises left-aligning body copy, to create a consistent place for the reader's eye to go to on every line. Justified text can create inconsistent spaces between words, which can be distracting. For headlines or shorter pieces of content, however, centering (along with generous use of white space) can help draw the reader's attention.
Once contrasting type families and styles are defined, apply them consistently across the whole site. This kind of typographic system affects the reader subconsciously because of Gestalt theory: it creates a visual language that helps the reader understand the importance of that content.
As designers, we're essentially the tour guides of an experience, and typography is the path our users take. Thoughtful consideration of type allows the audience to connect with what they're looking at.
Let's have a look at some stand-out examples of typography that complement UX.
TeamWeek's app walk-through contrasts a bold serif and a tamer sans-serif, and matches the button colour with its corresponding step. This helps direct the viewers eye.
InVision's Design Disruptors site uses centered typography and ample white space to draw the viewer's attention to the title, which is brought to life with SVG cut-outs.
03. Web Standards
On the new US government Web Standards site the typeface choices are both functional and visually appealing, and typography is used consistently to build trust.
Words: Sam Kapila
Sam Kapila (samkapila.com) is a designer living in Texas and an instructor at The Iron Yard, an international, immersive coding school.
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